Central nervous system lesions in HIV and AIDS

Location Abnormality
HIV encephalitis Diffuse, bilateral, symmetrical
Periventricular white matter lesions
Diffuse atrophy
Patchy T2
White matter vacuolation
No contrast enhancement
Toxoplasmosis Basal ganglia
Corticomedullary junction
Thalamus
Multiple enhancing lesions, tT2 and diffusion-weighted imaging
Mass effect
Vasogenic oedema
Haemorrhagic
Primary central nervous system lymphoma Deep white matter
Cortex/peri ventricular location
Corpus callosum
Solid/rim enhancement
Crosses midline
Lesions iso-/hyper-intense on T2
Fungal encephalitis Basal ganglia Pseudocysts of CSF density
Minimal oedema
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy White matter Multifocal demyelination
No oedema
Tuberculosis Corticomedullary regions Target lesions
Hydrocephalus
Dural enhancement



 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Scroll to Top